David Gonçalves

Research interests

I am a Biologist with interests in Animal Behaviour. In particular, I have been interested on the endocrine, physiological, genomic and brain mechanisms of behaviour. I have been using fish as study-models as, within vertebrates, fish are the champions of behavioural diversity and, adapting Krogh’s principle, an adequate fish species to investigate almost any question can be found. I am also interested on how human-induced environmental changes may interfere with normal animal physiological mechanisms and behaviour.

Special issue on Fish Communication

Over the last several decades, scientific research has generated a significant body of knowledge on animal communication systems, which rely on a variety of different channels, including visual, auditory, chemical, tactile, and electrical. As the largest and most diverse group of vertebrates, fish present remarkable specializations in their communication systems. This Special Issue has a broad scope and intends to cover the wide diversity of communication systems in fish, from their underlying mechanisms and evolutionary aspects to the potential applications of their study. Contributions of both research articles and reviews focusing on all aspects of fish communication systems, and topics including production, reception, and processing of signals, communication networks, multimodal communication, evolution of fish communication systems, impact of environmental change on fish communication, and applied aspects are welcome. 

For more information, visit the website of this special number. 



2020 | 2023 – SEACHEM – Comparative study on the functions and mechanisms of action of pheromones in marine echinoderms and fishes in a changing ocean/ 全球变化背景下信息素在棘皮动物和鱼类中作用过程和机制的比较研究. Co-PI

2019 | 2022 – FISHMUC -Bioactive properties of external mucus isolated from coastal fish of Macao and Portugal/ 澳門及葡萄牙沿海魚類外部黏液的生物活性特徵. Co-PI

2020 | 2023 – FISHSTRESS – Causes and consequences of the stress response in fish: environmental factors and transgenerational adaptation / 魚類壓力-反映於魚類壓力的成因與後果:環境因素和跨代適應.   Coordinator

2017 | 2020 – FIGHT – Hormonal, pheromonal and genomic regulation of aggression in a fish model. FDCT 093/2017/A2. Coordinator.

2014 | 2017 – DISRUPT – Environmental Endocrine Disruptors: Current Situation in Macao, Neurobehavioral Effects and Bioremediation Strategies. FDCT 011/2014/A1. Coordinator.

2012 | 2015 – Behavioral plasticity meets neuroplasticity: brain neurogenesis in the polymorphic fish Salaria pavo, FDCT 012/2012/A1. Coordinator.

2008 | 2012 – Neuroendocrine mechanisms of reproductive polyphenisms in the blenny Salaria pavo, FCT – PTDC/MAR/71351/2006. Coordinator.


Ramos A., Alex D, Cardoso S, Gonçalves D. 2021. Androgens and corticosteroids increase in response to mirror images and interacting conspecifics in males of the Siamese fighting fish Betta splendens. Hormones and Behavior. 132, 104991: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2021.104991

Silva M, Canário A V M, Hubbard P C, Gonçalves D. 2021. Physiology, endocrinology and chemical communicationin aggressive behaviour of fishes. Journal of Fish Biology https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14667

Lei MT, Monjardino J, Mendes L, Goncalves D, Ferreira F. 2020. Statistical Forecast of Pollution Episodes in Macao during National Holiday and COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 17(14), 5124. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145124

Ramos A, Goncalves D. 2019. Artificial selection for male winners in the Siamese fighting fish Betta splendens correlates with high female aggression. Frontiers in Zoology. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12983-019-0333-x PDF

Lei MT, Monjardino J, Mendes L, Goncalves D, Ferreira F. 2019. Macao air quality forecast using statistical methods. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health. 12, pages1049–1057: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-019-00721-9

Fan G, Chan J, Ma K, Yang B, Zhang H, Yang X, Shi C, Law H, Ren Z, Xu Q, Liu Q, Wang J, Chen W, Shao L, Gonçalves D, Ramos A, Cardoso SD, Guo M, Cai J, Xu X, Wang J, Yang H, Liu X, Wang Y. 2018. Chromosome-level reference genome of the Siamese fighting fish Betta splendens, a model species for the study of aggression, GigaScience. 7:11, giy087. https://doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/giy087 PDF

Cardoso SD, Gonçalves D, Goesmann A, Canário AVM and Oliveira RF. 2017. Temporal variation in brain transcriptome is associated with the expression of female mimicry as a sequential male alternative reproductive tactic in fish. Molecular Ecology, doi: 10.1111/mec.14408PDF

Gonçalves D, Félix AS and Oliveira RF. 2017. Neuroendocrinology of social behavior in teleost fish. In: Hormones Brain and Behavior, 3rd edition (Pfaff D, Joëls M, eds). Elsevier. Vol. 2, pp. 3-18. PDF

Cardoso S, Faustino A, Costa SS, Valério F, Gonçalves, Dand Oliveira RF. 2016. Social network predicts loss of fertilizations in nesting males of a fish with alternative reproductive tactics. Acta Ethologica. DOI 10.1007/s10211-016-0249-9 PDF

Fagundes T, Simões M, Saraiva J, Ros A, Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF. 2015. Birth date predicts alternative life history pathways in a fish with sequential reproductive tactics. Functional Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.1246. PDF

Gonçalves D, Costa SS, Magda T, Silva H, Inglês M and Oliveira RF. 2014. Oestradiol and prostaglandin F2α regulate sexual displays in females of a sex-role reversed fish. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 281: 20133070. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.3070. PDF

Cardoso S, Gonçalves D, Robalo J, Almada VC, Canário AVM and Oliveira RF. 2013. Efficient isolation of polymorphic microsatellites from high-throughput sequence data based on number of repeats. Marine Genomics S1874-7787. Doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2013.04.002. PDF

Saraiva J, Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF. 2013. Ecological modulation of reproductive behaviour in the peacock blenny: a mini-review. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 39: 85-89. DOI 10.1007/s10695-012-9658-5. PDF

Fagundes T, Simões MG, Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF. 2012. Social cues in the expression of sequential alternative reproductive tactics in young males of the peacock blenny, Salaria pavo. Physiology and Behavior 107:283-291. PDF

Saraiva J, Gonçalves D, Simões M and Oliveira RF. 2011. Plasticity in reproductive behaviour in two populations of the peacock blenny. Behaviour 148: 1457-1472. PDF

Saraiva J, Pignolo G, Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF. 2011. Interpopulational variation of the mating system in the peacock blenny Salaria pavo. Acta Ethologica. DOI 10.1007/s10211-011-0104. PDF

Saraiva, J, Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF. 2010. Environmental modulation of androgen levels and secondary sex characters in two populations of the peacock blenny Salaria pavo. Hormones and Behavior 57, 192-197. PDF

Gonçalves D, Saraiva, J, Teles M, Teodósio R, Canário AVM and Oliveira RF. 2010. Brain aromatase mRNA expression in two populations of the peacock blenny Salaria pavo with divergent mating systems. Hormones and Behavior 57, 155-161. PDF

Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF. 2010. Hormones and sexual behavior of teleost fishes. In: Hormones and reproduction of vertebrates (D Norris, KH Lopez, eds). Academic Press. Vol. 1, pp. 119-147. PDF


Barata, EN, Serrano R and Gonçalves D.2009. Communication in blennies. In: The Biology of Blennies (RA Patzner, E Gonçalves, P Hastings and BG Kapoor, eds.). Science Publishers Inc. PDF

Gonçalves D, Teles M, Alpedrinha J and Oliveira RF 2008. Brain and gonadal aromatase activity and steroid hormone levels in female and polymorphic males of the peacock blenny Salaria pavo. Hormones and Behavior 54, 717-725. PDF

Gonçalves D, Oliveira RF and Mcgregor PK. 2008. Communication and the evolution of alternative reproductive tactics. In: RF Oliveira, M Taborsky e HJ Brockmann (Eds.), “Alternative Reproductive Tactics: an integrative approach”. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

Oliveira RF and Gonçalves D. 2008. Hormones and social behaviour of teleost fish. In: C. Magnhagen, V.A. Braithwaite, E. Forsgren & B.G. Kapoor (Eds.), “Fish behaviour”. Science Publishers Inc., Enfield, N.H. PDF

Fagundes T, Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF 2007. Female mate choice and mate search tactics in a sex role reversed population of the peacock blenny, Salaria pavo (Risso, 1810). Journal of Fish Biology 71, 77-89. PDF

Gonçalves D, Alpedrinha J, Teles M and Oliveira RF. 2007. Endocrine control of sexual behavior in sneaker males of the peacock blenny Salaria pavo: effects of castration, aromatase inhibition, testosterone, and estradiol. Hormones and Behavior 51, 534-541. PDF

Oliveira RF, Ros AFH and Gonçalves D. 2005. Intra-sexual variation in male reproduction in teleost fish: a comparative approach. Hormones and Behavior 48, 430-439. PDF

Gonçalves D, Matos M, Fagundes T and Oliveira RF. 2005. Bourgeois males of the peacock blenny, Salaria pavo, discriminate female mimics from females? Ethology 111, 559-572. PDF

White E, Gonçalves D, Oliveira RF and Partridge JC. 2004. Vision and visual variation in the peacock blenny (Salaria pavo). Journal of Fish Biology 65, 227-250. PDF

Gonçalves D and Oliveira RF. 2003. Time spent close to a sexual partner as a measure of female mate preference in the sex-role reversed blenny Salaria pavo (Risso). Acta Ethologica 6, 1-5. PDF

Gonçalves D, Fagundes T and Oliveira RF. 2003. Reproductive behaviour of sneaker males of the peacock blenny. Journal of Fish Biology 63, 528-532. PDF

Gonçalves D, Oliveira RF, Körner K and Schlupp I. 2003. Intersexual copying by sneaker males of the peacock blenny. Animal Behaviour 65, 355-361. PDF

Henriques M, Lourenço R, Almada F, Calado G, Gonçalves D, Guillemaud T, Cancela Ml and Almada V. 2002. A review on the status of Lepadogaster lepadogaster. Sympatric sub-species or a long misunderstood blend of species? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 76, 327-338. PDF

Gonçalves D, Barata EN, Oliveira RF and Canário AVM. 2002. The role of male visual and chemical cues on the activation of female courtship behaviour in the sex role reversed blenny, Salaria pavo. Journal of Fish Biology 61, 96-105. PDF

Gonçalves D, Simões PC, Chumbinho AC, Correia MJ, Fagundes T and Oliveira RF. 2002. Fluctuating asymmetries and reproductive success in the peacock blenny. Journal of Fish Biology 60, 810-820. PDF

Oliveira RF, Carneiro LA, Gonçalves D, Canário AVM and Grober M. 2001. 11-ketotestosterone inhibits the alternative mating tactic in sneaker males of the peacock blenny, Salaria pavo. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 58, 28-37. PDF

Gonçalves D, Oliveira RF, Körner K, Poschadel JR and Schlupp I. 2000. Using video playbacks to study visual communication in a marine fish, Salaria pavo. Animal Behaviour 60: 351-357. PDF

Oliveira RF, Rosenthal GG, Schlupp I, Mcgregor PK, Cuthill I, Endler J, Fleishman L, Zeil J, Barata E, Burford F, Gonçalves D, Healey M, Jakobson S, Jennions M, Körner K, Lindstrom L, Peake T, Pilastro A, Pope D, Roberts S, Rowe C, Smith J and Waas J. 2000. Considerations on the use of video playbacks as visual stimuli: the Lisbon workshop consensus. Acta Ethologica 3: 61-65. PDF

Gonçalves D, Gonçalves EJ, Almada VC and Almeida SP. 1998. Comparative behaviour of two species of Lepadogaster (Pisces: Gobiesocidae) living at different depths. Journal of Fish Biology 53, 447-450. PDF

Gonçalves EJ, Almada VC, Almeida SP, Gonçalves D, Repas M and Simões FN. 1996. Observations on the agonistic behaviour of Lepadogaster lepadogaster purpurea (Pisces: Gobiesocidae). Journal of Fish Biology 49, 367-369. PDF